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Gothic Revival and Modernism

 

Chicago Tribune Building

 

The Chicago Tribune Tower building is located in downtown Chicago at 435 N Michigan Ave, and was designed in the Gothic Revival style by the architects John Mead Howells and Raymond Hood. 

The exterior of the Chicago Tribune Tower is characterized by its Gothic Revival detailing, including pointed arches, decorative spires, and ornate carvings. The building's facade is clad in limestone and features a number of historic artifacts and stone fragments from famous buildings and sites around the world, including the Parthenon in Athens, the Great Wall of China, and the Taj Mahal in India.

The interior of the Chicago Tribune Tower is equally impressive, with a grand lobby and entrance hall that features ornate detailing and a stunning marble staircase. The building is home to a number of commercial and residential tenants, including the Tribune Company and luxury condominiums.

 

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Tribune Tower
Gothic Revival Type - Tribune Tower

 

Willis Tower

 

The Willis Tower (formerly known as the Sears Tower) is located in downtown Chicago at 233 S Wacker Drive, and is one of the tallest buildings in the world. It was designed in the modernist style by the architects Skidmore, Owings & Merrill (SOM) and was completed in 1974.

The building's exterior is characterized by its sleek, minimalist design, with a rectangular shape and a series of setbacks that help to reduce wind resistance and increase stability. The exterior is clad in black aluminum and bronze-tinted glass, giving the building a distinctive appearance that stands out against the Chicago skyline.

The Willis Tower's most notable feature is its observation deck, known as the Skydeck, which is located on the 103rd floor and offers stunning views of the city and Lake Michigan. The Skydeck is supported by four steel columns that extend down to the foundation, giving visitors the sensation of floating above the city.

The Willis Tower also features a number of innovative engineering and design features, including a bundled-tube structural system that distributes the building's weight evenly and helps to reduce wind sway. The building was also the first to use a system of sky lobbies, which are large transfer floors that allow passengers to switch elevators without having to return to the ground floor.

The Willis Tower is a striking example of modernist architecture and an important landmark in the city of Chicago. Its innovative design, engineering features, and stunning views from the Skydeck make it a popular destination for visitors and residents alike.

 

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willis tower
Modernist Type - Willis (Sears) Tower

 

Marina City Complex

 

The Marina City complex is located in downtown Chicago at 300 N State St, and was designed in the modernist style by the architect Bertrand Goldberg. The complex was completed in 1964 and is known for its distinctive cylindrical towers and innovative design.

The Marina City complex consists of two towers, each of which is 60 stories tall and contains both residential and commercial space. The towers are characterized by their cylindrical shape, which is meant to evoke the image of corn cobs, and their distinctive "corncob" balconies that protrude from the sides of the towers.

The exterior of the Marina City towers is clad in a pattern of circular concrete modules, giving the buildings a unique and textured appearance. The towers are also notable for their use of color, with each module painted in a different shade of blue or yellow.

One of the most unique features of the Marina City complex is its system of parking garages, which are located within the base of the towers and are accessed via a spiral ramp that encircles the building. This innovative design allows for efficient use of space and provides residents with easy access to their vehicles.

These buildings are a striking example of modernist architecture and an important landmark in the city of Chicago. Its innovative design, unique use of color and texture, and efficient use of space make it a standout example of 1960s urban architecture.

 

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Marina City Complex Chicago
Modernist Type - Marina City Complex

 

IBM Building

 
The IBM Building is a striking example of modernist architecture and an important landmark in the city of Chicago. Its innovative engineering features, minimalist design, and use of steel and glass make it a standout example of 20th-century urban architecture.

The building, located in downtown Chicago at 330 North Wabash Avenue, was designed in the modernist style by the architect Ludwig Mies van der Rohe. The building was completed in 1971 and is known for its sleek, minimalist design and innovative engineering features.

The exterior of the IBM Building is characterized by its simple, rectangular shape and its use of steel and glass. The building features a dark bronze-tinted glass curtain wall that reflects the surrounding cityscape, giving the building a sleek and modern appearance.

One of the most notable features of the IBM Building is its innovative engineering design, which includes a unique structural system that allows the building to stand on just four external steel columns. This design not only maximizes the amount of usable space within the building, but it also creates a striking visual effect, giving the building the appearance of floating above the ground.

 

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IBM_Building
IBM Building - Downtown Chicago